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Archive for the ‘Methods and Theories’ Category

Home Schooling – Advantages and Disadvantages

Thursday, June 27th, 2013

Home schooling has been growing popular nowadays. Many parents found it as the perfect answer to educating their children. They are able to focus on their child’s education and provide support for them. However, many parents are still trying to determine if home schooling is right for their child. In order to make this decision it is important that the advantages and disadvantages of home schooling be taken into consideration, along with some other important issues.

The following are the advantages to be considered:

• If your child is physically incapable of going outside due to complicated diseases or is handicapped, having home education would be convenient both for the child and the parent.

• Home education is associated with close-knit family relationship as the child only interacts with the other family members.

• The child is also expected to be well-behaved if educated at home as he is not exposed to various immoralities that may come to influence him/her in a real school.

• Some parents believe that school is not a safe place for their child. Some also believe that the school is not educationally competent; a lot of concepts are not completely taught in there. In home education, they are secured with the kind of education provided to their child and they can be able to guide their child the whole time.

• In home learning, the parents could also control the curriculum of the education provided to their child. They can concentrate their child’s learning on a specific topic if they want to.
• Expenses are cut-off in home education. Children don’t need to spend on transportation fees, expensive projects and unnecessary school supplies.
On the other hand, the following are the disadvantages:
• The home educated child would not develop social skills as he is not exposed to other types of people.
• Freedom is abstained from the child; the child would not enjoy his life as a child. There are many other things that cannot be learned in an educational setting and these are only learned through experience.
• Some people do not believe on home education’s academic quality as it does not follow the standard curriculum.
• In some college universities, they require additional tests for home educated children. This is to ensure that the child is academically ready for college.
• Those that are educated at home for a long time and have decided to go to school are found to be lacking in social skills.
• Home educated individuals commonly experience psychological problems when exposed to the social environment as in entering a college/university or working on a job.

Hopefully this discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of home schooling has given you the insight you need to make an informed decision. As discussed above, the decision to home school is one of the most significant decisions you will make during your child’s life

Learning Second Language – Myths & Facts

Saturday, November 20th, 2010

Second language learning refers to the learning of a new language besides the native language. There are many second language learning theories that aim to explain the way second language is learnt and which approach is the best.

The Behaviorist Theory: under this theory it is believed that the second language learning learner tries to imitate what he hears and practices the second language regularly to develop habits in the language. This theory also believes that learners try to relate their knowledge of the native language to the second language and this could lead to positive as well as negative results. However the imitation of one language with the other is not appreciated as this does not help in real life situations.

The Cognitive theory: this theory elaborates the learner’s ability to use his cognition skills in order to work out in the second language on his own. They try to notice a pattern and based on this make their own rules and if they are faulty, they change them accordingly. Here the learners are benefited in the sense that they constantly learn from their mistakes. However this theory has certain problems, one of them being that the learner not only makes use of his cognitive skills to make assumptions about the second language but are due to the rules based on the native language. Also it is not always sure what the person learning the second language meant to say, determination of error becomes slightly difficult.

The Critical Period Hypothesis: as per this theory, there is a certain period in the life of a person in which he must learn a language. Once this period is over, second language learning becomes nearly impossible. The basis on which this theory is based is that the brain is fully developed by puberty and hence language learning becomes extremely difficult after this. Therefore this theory is of the view that second language learning must always occur before puberty when the brain is still in the developmental stages. However the theory has some exceptions as many people are able to master the vocabulary and syntax of a second language after puberty.

The Natural Order Hypothesis: according to this second language learning theory the acquisition of second language occurs in a natural and predictable order and is the same for the native and the second language. It shows that whatever the background of the learner, some of the errors made by them are similar to what they make when learning their native language.

Second language learning myths

Myth 1: the best way to learn the second language is by going to the country.
Myth 2: the best way to speak a language is to speak it.
Myth 3: It’s okay to make mistakes
Myth 4: As a beginner, you are sure to make mistakes.
Myth 5: as a foreigner, you would always have a foreign accent.
Myth 6: if you did not learn a language as a child, you would never be proficient in its grammar
Myth 7: study of pronunciation is not important.

However the facts are entirely different from these myths and one must not base his second language learning on these myths and make use of consultations, self-study kits and avoid mistakes to be proficient in the second language.